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小学英语语法大全,第5讲,代词

发布时间:2020-06-30 23:16编辑:小狐阅读: 491次 手机阅读

1、人称代词:表示“我、你、他、她、它、我们、你们、他们”的词。

我你他她它我们你们他们主格Iyouhesheitweyouthey宾格meyouhimheritusyouthem

①主格一般用在句子开头做主语,通常用在动词前。

e.g. I am a student. They are cleaning the classroom.

②宾格可以用来表示动作行为的对象,一般用在动词和介词后面。

e.g. Ask her, please. Listen to me carefully.

2、物主代词:表示所有关系的代词叫物主代词。

我的你的他的她的它的我们的你们的他们的形容词性myyourhisheritsouryourtheir名 词 性mineyourshishersitsoursyourstheirs

①形容词性物主代词后面一般要带上名词。如:my watch, his cousin, our school

②名词性物主代词本身就可以看作是名词,故其后不能再加名词,可单独使用。 e.g. —Is that your bike? —No. Mine is blue.

3、不定代词:没有明确指定代替某个(些)人或物的词叫不定代词。

1some和any

都表示“一些”既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

① some多用在肯定句中,any多用在否定句和疑问句中。

e.g. There are some flowers in the garden. (肯定句)

There isn‟t any milk in the fridge. (否定句)

Do you have any hobbies? (疑问句)

② 在表示邀请和希望对方给予肯定回答的疑问句中也要用some。

e.g. —Would you like some coffee? —Yes, please. (邀请)

Mum, can I have some peaches? —Sure.(希望对方给予肯定回答)

2both和all

① both表示“两个都…”只指代或修饰可数名词。

e.g. We are both policemen.(强调两人)

② all表示“三个或三个以上都…”既可指代或修饰可数名词,也可指代或修饰不可数名词。

e.g. They are all in the room.(至少三人)

3many和much都表示“许多”many修饰可数名词,much修饰不可数名词。

e.g. My uncle has many stamps. There is much tea in the cup.

4each和every

each强调个人,指两个或两个以上的人或事物中的“每个”every是指许多人或事物的“全体”与all的意思相近。

e.g. I‟ll buy a present for each of her parents. 我要为她的父母每人买一件礼

物。

Every book in his study is interesting. 他书房里的每本书都很有趣。

5other 作形容词时意思是“其他的”指尚未提到的部分,其后一般接复数名词。

e.g. We study Chinese, English, Maths and other subjects.

6something和everything

① something 某事;某物 e.g. I want something to drink.

② everything 一切事物;每样事物 e.g. Tell me everything about you.

7nobody 没有人

e.g. She likes nobody and nobody likes her.

4、疑问代词:用来表达疑问或构成疑问句的代词,一般放在疑问句的句首。

what 问什么—What‟s your name? —My name is Tom. what colour问颜色—What colour is your coat? —It‟s red. what day问星期—What day is it today? —It‟s Monday.what date问日期—What date is it today? —It‟s the first of June.what shape问形状—What shape is the moon? —It‟s round.what....job问工作—What‟s your father‟s job? —He‟s a bus driver.what time问时间—What time is it? —It‟s ten o‟clock. when问时候—When is your birthday? —It‟s on the first of May.which问哪个—Which is your watch, this one or that one? —That one.where问地点—Where is my pen? —It‟s on the floor. who问谁—Who is the boy with big eyes? —He‟s Liu Tao. whose问谁的—Whose bag is this? —It‟s Helen‟s.why问原因—Why are you absent today? —I‟m ill.how问方式—How do you go to school? —By bus.how many问数量—How many books are there? —There are five. how much问价钱—How much is it? —Twenty yuan.how old问年龄—How old are you? —I‟m twelve. how far 问距离—How far is it from here? —It‟s about one kilometer. how about 问情况—I‟m thirsty. How about you? —Me, too.

5、指示代词

① this(这个)these(这些)表示在时间上或空间上较近的人或物。

本文相关词条概念解析:

代词

代词是代替名词的一种词类。大多数代词具有名词和形容词的功能。英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、自身代词、相互代词、疑问代词、关系代词和不定代词八种。有一些语言的第一人称代词区分“涵盖词”和“排外词”,。

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